Teaching English as a second or foreign language is exactly what it says on the tin. However you go about doing it and whichever age/ability group you are working with- your aim is to equip non native speakers with an understanding and ability to communicate using the English language. Everyone remembers their days at school, sat for hours doing mind numbingly boring grammar activities, listening to seemingly pointless audio clips and reading excruciating tedious texts; in all the effort of trying to make you take on board another language. Perhaps during this time you wondered to yourself how soul destroying and dull your teacher’s job must be. So is teaching ESL teaching any different? The answer, thankfully, is yes!
The truth is that language teaching systems and methods in the parts of the world you will be working in are very different from those used in Britain, the U.S.A, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and any other western societies. Unlike the school systems back home, the ESL industry in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East evolved mainly as private ventures. Thus the ESL world has largely escaped the regulations and traditional methods involved with western state schooling. What this means in practice is that the ESL teacher tends to have more freedom to develop their own methods, use a broader range of techniques to engage their students and, above all else, have more fun! This includes, for example, the use of fun games and activities to get students to drill and practice their English skills. This guide is aimed at providing both an insight for new teachers and a range of teaching tools and techniques for those already teaching.